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Several techniques based on laser induced fluorescence (LIF) spectrometry and laser enhanced ionization (LEI) spectrometry have been investigated for ultratrace measurements of arsenic. Studies by our group in this area that have been published previously are reviewed here, and are presented along with the results of recent studies that have not yet been published. The techniques presented include LIF detection in the inductively coupled plasma atomizer, the electrothermal atomizer, the tungsten coil atomizer, the flame atomizer and LEI detection in the flame atomizer, and include approaches that utilize hydride generation or laser ablation sample introduction. Recent efforts have been directed towards developing speciation approaches for arsenic that utilize LIF spectrometric detection. The capabilities of each technique are summarized including the sensitivity and limits of detection, which range from sub-pg ml−1 to ng ml−1 levels. Selected applications of the techniques are presented to demonstrate their utility for environmental and biological samples, and areas for future investigation and further development are discussed.
Simeonsson, J. B., S. A. Elwood, M. Ezer, H. L. Pacquette, D. J. Swart, H. D. Beach, and D. J. Thomas. "Development of ultratrace laser spectrometry techniques for measurements of arsenic." Talanta 58, no. 1 (2002): 189-199. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0039-9140(02)00267-9