Fingerprinting the Refugio oil spill using topographic signal processing of two-dimensional gas chromatographic images
We examine petroleum forensics from a pattern recognition and feature separation perspective in this work. Apportioning the environmental impact of oil spills is important for marine pollution studies. Robust fingerprinting of an unknown sample from a petroleum-rich locale remains a data science challenge. Crude petroleum is a complex mixture, and as such, the fingerprint of a petroleum source can be discovered as the signature profile of hydrocarbon peaks corresponding to the biomarker compounds, which are well-known for their recalcitrance to environmental weathering. In this work, we apply recently proposed peak topography mapping techniques to examine the GCxGC topography of the Archean region based on four representative crude oil samples collected from the locale of the Refugio spill. Specifically, we compare the robustness of match between samples from the leaking pipeline of the Refugio spill against the match between oil samples from other local sources.
Bruflodt, Rachel, Robert K. Nelson, Eleanor C. Arrington, David Valentine, Ananya Sen Gupta, Karin Lemkau, Veronika Kivenson, and Christopher M. Reddy. "Fingerprinting the Refugio oil spill using topographic signal processing of two-dimensional gas chromatographic images." In OCEANS 2017-Anchorage, pp. 1-4. IEEE, 2017.